Abandoned Property – Abandoned Property Self Storage – Illinois
Note: This summary is not intended to be an all inclusive discussion of abandoned property law, but does include basic provisions. You should check the State Laws for updates.
Illinois Compiled Statutes Liens
Illinois Compiled Statutes
Self-Service Storage Facility Act
This Act shall be known and may be cited as the “Self-Service Storage Facility Act”.
As used in this Act, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
(A) “Self-service storage facility” means any real property designed and used for the purpose of renting or leasing individual storage space to occupants who are to have access to such for the purpose of storing and removing personal property. A self-service storage facility is not a warehouse for purposes of Article 7 of the Uniform Commercial Code. If an owner issues any warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title for the personal property stored, the provisions of this Act do not apply.
(B) “Owner” means the owner, operator, lessor, or sublessor of a self-service storage facility, his agent, or any other person authorized by him to manage the facility, or to receive rent from an occupant under a rental agreement.
(C) “Occupant” means a person, his sublessee, successor, or assign, entitled to the use of the storage space at a self-service storage facility under a rental agreement, to the exclusion of others.
(D) “Rental agreement” means any agreement or lease, written or oral, that establishes or modifies the terms, conditions, rules or any other provisions concerning the use and occupancy of a self-service storage facility.
(E) “Personal property” means movable property not affixed to land, and includes, but is not limited to goods, merchandise, and household items.
(F) “Last known address” means that address provided by the occupant in the latest rental agreement, or the address provided by the occupant in a subsequent written notice of a change of address.
The owner of a self-service storage facility and his heirs, executors, administrators, successors, and assigns have a lien upon all personal property located at a self-service storage facility for rent, labor, or other charges, present or future, in relation to the personal property, and for expenses necessary for its preservation, or expenses reasonably incurred in its sale or other disposition pursuant to this Act. The lien provided for in this Section attaches as of the date the personal property is brought to the self-service storage facility and shall be superior to any other lien or security interest except for a statutory lien or security interest which is perfected through filing and has been perfected, prior thereto, through proper filing.
Enforcement of lien.
An owner’s lien as provided for in Section 3 of this Act for a claim which has become due may be satisfied as follows:
(A) The occupant shall be notified;
(B) The notice shall be delivered in person or sent by certified mail to the last known address of the occupant;
(C) The notice shall include:
(1) An itemized statement of the owner’s claim showing the sum due at the time of the notice and the date when the sum became due;
(2) A brief and general description of the personal property subject to the lien. The description shall be reasonably adequate to permit the person notified to identify it, except that any container including, but not limited to, a trunk, valise, or box that is locked, fastened, sealed, or tied in a manner which deters immediate access to its contents may be described as such without describing its contents;
(3) A notice of denial of access to the personal property, if such denial is permitted under the terms of the rental agreement, which provides the name, street address, and telephone number of the owner, or his designated agent, whom the occupant may contact to respond to this notice;
(4) A demand for payment within a specified time not less than 14 days after delivery of the notice;
(5) A conspicuous statement that unless the claim is paid within the time stated in the notice, the personal property will be advertised for sale or other disposition, and will be sold or otherwise disposed of at a specified time and place.
(D) Any notice made pursuant to this Section shall be presumed delivered when it is deposited with the United States Postal Service, and properly addressed with postage prepaid;
(E) After the expiration of the time given in the notice, an advertisement of the sale or other disposition shall be published once a week for two consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation where the self-service storage facility is located. The advertisement shall include:
(1) A brief and general description of the personal property reasonably adequate to permit its identification as provided for in division (C)(2) of this Section;
(2) The address of the self-service storage facility and the number, if any, of the space where the personal property is located and the name of the occupant;
(3) The time, place, and manner of the sale or other disposition. The sale or other disposition shall take place not sooner than 15 days after the first publication. If there is no newspaper of general circulation where the self-service storage facility is located, the advertisement shall be posted at least 10 days before the date of the sale or other disposition in not less than 6 conspicuous places in the neighborhood where the self-service storage facility is located.
(F) Any sale or other disposition of the personal property shall conform to the terms of the notification as provided for in this Section;
(G) Any sale or other disposition of the personal property shall be held at the self-service storage facility, or at the nearest suitable place to where the personal property is held or stored;
(H) Before any sale or other disposition of personal property pursuant to this Section, the occupant may pay the amount necessary to satisfy the lien, and the reasonable expenses incurred under this Section, and thereby redeem the personal property. Upon receipt of such payment, the owner shall return the personal property, and thereafter the owner shall have no liability to any person with respect to such personal property;
(I) A purchaser in good faith of the personal property sold to satisfy a lien, as provided for in Section 3 of this Act, takes the property free of any rights of persons against whom the lien was valid, despite noncompliance by the owner with the requirements of this Section;
(J) In the event of a sale under this Section, the owner may satisfy his lien from the proceeds of the sale, but shall hold the balance, if any, for delivery on demand to the occupant. If the occupant does not claim the balance of the proceeds within two years of the date of sale, it shall become the property of the owner without further recourse by the occupant.
(K) The lien on any personal property created by this Act shall be terminated as to any such personal property which is sold or otherwise disposed of pursuant to this Act and any such personal property which is removed from the self-service storage facility.
Supplemental nature of Act.
Except as specifically provided herein, nothing in this Act shall be construed as in any manner either impairing or affecting the right of parties to create liens by special contract or agreement or affecting or impairing other liens arising at common law, in equity, by any statute of this State or any other lien not provided for in Sections 2 to 4 of this Act.
All rental agreements entered into before the effective date of this Act and not extended or renewed after that date, and the rights, duties and interests flowing from them, shall remain valid, and may be enforced or terminated in accordance with their terms or as permitted by any other statute or law of this State.
No occupant may use a self-service storage facility for residential purposes.