Kansas Disposition of Unclaimed Property Law


Kansas Statutes Annotated
Chapter 58 Personal and Real Property
Article 39 Disposition of Unclaimed Property Act

58-3934.   Definitions and use of terms. As used in this act:

(a) “Administrator” means the state treasurer.

(b) “Apparent owner” means the person whose name appears on the records of the holder as the person entitled to property held, issued or owing by the holder.

(c) “Business association” means a corporation, joint-stock company, investment company, partnership, unincorporated association, joint venture, limited liability company, business trust, trust company, land bank, safe deposit company, safekeeping depository, financial organization, insurance company, mutual fund, utility, other business entity consisting of one or more persons, whether or not for profit or the United States government or any agency or subdivision thereof.

(d) “Domicile” means the state of incorporation of a corporation and the state of the principal place of business of a holder other than a corporation.

(e) “Financial organization” means a savings and loan association, building and loan association, savings bank, industrial bank, bank, banking organization or credit union.

(f) “Holder” means a person obligated to hold for the account of, or deliver or pay to, the owner property that is subject to this act.

(g) “Insurance company” means an association, corporation, fraternal or mutual benefit organization, whether or not for profit, engaged in the business of providing life endowments, annuities or insurance, including accident, burial, casualty, credit life, contract performance, dental, disability, fidelity, fire, health, hospitalization, illness, life, malpractice, marine, mortgage, surety, wage protection and workers compensation insurance.

(h) “Last known address” means a description of the location of the apparent owner sufficient for the purpose of the delivery of mail.

(i) “Mineral” means oil, gas, uranium, sulphur, lignite, coal and any other substance that is ordinarily and naturally considered a mineral, regardless of the depth at which the oil, gas, uranium, sulphur, lignite, coal or other substance is found.

(j) “Mineral proceeds” means amounts payable for the extraction, production or sale of minerals, or, upon abandonment of those payments, all payments that become payable thereafter. The term includes amounts payable:

(1) For the acquisition and retention of a mineral lease, including bonuses, royalties, compensatory royalties, shut-in royalties, minimum royalties and delay rentals;

(2) for the extraction, production or sale of minerals, including net revenue interests, royalties, overriding royalties, extraction payments and production payments; and

(3) under an agreement or option, including a joint operating agreement, unit agreement, pooling agreement and farm-out agreement.

(k) “Money order” includes an express money order and a personal money order, on which the remitter is the purchaser. The term does not include a bank money order or any other instrument sold by a financial organization if the seller has obtained the name and address of the payee.

(l) “Owner” means a person who has a legal or equitable interest in property subject to this act or the person’s legal representative. The term includes a depositor in the case of a deposit, a beneficiary in the case of a trust other than a deposit in trust and a creditor, claimant or payee in the case of other property.

(m) “Person” means an individual, business association, financial organization, estate, trust, state or other government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality or any other legal or commercial entity.

(n) “Property” means tangible property or a fixed and certain interest in intangible property that is held, issued or owed in the course of a holder’s business, or by a state or other government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality and all income or increments therefrom. The term includes property that is referred to as or evidenced by:

(1) Money, a check, draft, deposit, interest or dividend;

(2) credit balance, customer’s overpayment, security deposit, refund, credit memorandum, unpaid wage, mineral proceeds or unidentified remittance;

(3) stock or other evidence of ownership of an interest in a business association or financial organization;

(4) a bond, debenture, note or other evidence of indebtedness;

(5) money deposited to redeem stocks, bonds, coupons or other securities or to make distributions;

(6) an amount due and payable under the terms of an annuity or insurance policy, including policies providing life insurance, property and casualty insurance, workers compensation insurance or health and disability insurance; and

(7) an amount distributable from a trust or custodial fund established under a plan to provide health, welfare, pension, vacation, severance, retirement, death, stock purchase, profit sharing, employee savings, supplemental unemployment insurance or similar benefits.

(o) “Record” means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form.

(p) “State” means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico or any territory, insular possession or any other area subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(q) “Utility” means a person who owns or operates for public use any plant, equipment, property, franchise or license for the transmission of communications or the production, storage, transmission, sale, delivery or furnishing of electricity, water, steam or gas.

58-3935. Property presumed abandoned; general rule.

(a) Property is presumed abandoned if it is unclaimed by the apparent owner during the time set forth below for the particular property:

(1) Traveler’s check, 15 years after its issuance;

(2) money order, seven years after issuance;

(3) except as provided in K.S.A. 58-3943, and amendments thereto, stock or other equity interest in a business association or financial organization, including a security entitlement under article 8 of the uniform commercial code, five years after the earlier of:

(A) The date of the most recent dividend, stock split or other distribution unclaimed by the apparent owner; or

(B) the date of the second mailing of a statement of account or other notification or communication that was returned as undeliverable or after the holder discontinued mailings, notifications or communications to the apparent owner;

(4) debt of a business association or financial organization, other than a bearer bond or an original issue discount bond, five years after the date of the most recent interest payment unclaimed by the apparent owner;

(5) a demand, savings or time deposit, including a deposit that is automatically renewable, five years after the earlier of maturity or the date of the last indication by the owner of interest in the property, except that a deposit that is automatically renewable is deemed matured for purposes of this section upon its initial date of maturity, unless the owner has consented to a renewal at or about the time of the renewal and the consent is in writing or is evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file with the holder;

(6) money or credits owed to a customer as a result of a retail business transaction, five years after the obligation accrued;

(7) amount owed by an insurer on a life or endowment insurance policy or an annuity that has matured or terminated, three years after the obligation to pay arose or, in the case of a policy or annuity payable upon proof of death, three years after the insured has attained, or would have attained if living, the limiting age under the mortality table on which the reserve is based;

(8) property distributable by a business association or financial organization in a course of dissolution, one year after the property becomes distributable;

(9) property received by a court as proceeds of a class action, and not distributed pursuant to the judgment, one year after the distribution date;

(10) property held by a court, state or other government, governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality, one year after the property becomes distributable;

(11) wages or other compensation for personal services, one year after the compensation becomes payable;

(12) deposit or refund owed to a subscriber by a utility, one year after the deposit or refund becomes payable;

(13) property held by agents and fiduciaries in a fiduciary capacity for the benefit of another person, five years after it has become payable or distributable, unless the owner has increased or decreased the principal, accepted payment of principal or income, communicated concerning the property or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by the fiduciary;

(14) property in an individual retirement account, defined benefit plan or other account or plan that is qualified for tax deferral under the income tax laws of the United States, three years after the earliest of the date of the distribution or attempted distribution of the property, the date of the required distribution as stated in the plan or trust agreement governing the plan, or the date, if determinable by the holder, specified in the income tax laws of the United States by which distribution of the property must begin in order to avoid a tax penalty;

(15) all other property, five years after the owner’s right to demand the property or after the obligation to pay or distribute the property arises, whichever first occurs; and

(16) any proceeds of a sale pursuant to K.S.A. 58-817, and amendments thereto, which remain after satisfaction of the lien provided by K.S.A. 58-816, and amendments thereto, that have been unclaimed by the owner for one year from receipt of the proceeds of the sale and satisfaction of the lien.

(b) At the time that an interest is presumed abandoned under subsection (a) any other property right accrued or accruing to the owner as a result of the interest, and not previously presumed abandoned, is also presumed abandoned.

(c) Property is unclaimed if, for the applicable period set forth in subsection (a), the apparent owner has not communicated in writing or by other means reflected in a contemporaneous record prepared by or on behalf of the holder, with the holder concerning the property or the account in which the property is held, and has not otherwise indicated an interest in the property. A communication with an owner by a person other than the holder or the holder’s representative who has not in writing identified the property to the owner is not an indication of interest in the property by the owner.

(d) An indication of an owner’s interest in property includes:

(1) The presentment of a check or other instrument of payment of a dividend or other distribution made with respect to an account or underlying stock or other interest in a business association or financial organization or, in the case of a distribution made by electronic or similar means, evidence that the distribution has been received;

(2) owner-directed activity in the account in which the property is held, including a direction by the owner to increase, decrease or change the amount or type of property held in the account;

(3) the making of a deposit to or withdrawal from a bank account; and

(4) the payment of a premium with respect to a property interest in an insurance policy, except that the application of an automatic premium loan provision or other nonforfeiture provision contained in an insurance policy does not prevent a policy from maturing or terminating if the insured has died or the insured or the beneficiary of the policy has otherwise become entitled to the proceeds before the depletion of the cash surrender value of a policy by the application of those provisions.

(e) Property is payable or distributable for the purpose of this act notwithstanding the owner’s failure to make demand or to present any instrument or document otherwise required to obtain payment.

(f) Any demand or savings account or matured timed deposit with a financial organization shall not be presumed abandoned if regular correspondence to an owner of the account has not been returned to the sender.

(g) Any outstanding check, draft, credit balance, customer’s overpayment or unidentified remittance issued to a sole proprietorship or business association as part of a commercial transaction in the ordinary course of a holder’s business shall not be presumed abandoned.

(h) A holder may not impose with respect to any property payable or distributable for the purpose of this act, including any income or increment derived therefrom, any fee or charge due to dormancy or inactivity or cease payment of interest unless:

(1) There is an enforceable written contract between the holder and the owner of the property pursuant to which the holder may impose a charge or cease payment of interest;

(2) for property in excess of $100, the holder, no more than three months before the initial imposition of those charges or cessation of interest, has mailed written notice to the owner of the amount of those charges at the last known address of the owner stating that those charges will be imposed or that interest will cease, but the notice provided in this section need not be given with respect to charges imposed or interest ceased before the effective date of this act, or for property described in K.S.A. 58-3937 and 58-3938, and amendments thereto; and

(3) the holder regularly imposes such charges or ceases payment of interest and in no instance reverses or otherwise cancels them or retroactively credits interest with respect to the property. Charges imposed because of dormancy or inactivity may be made and collected monthly, quarterly or annually except that beginning with the effective date of this act, such charges may only be imposed for a maximum of five calendar years.

(i) For the purpose of this section, a person who holds property as an agent for a business association is deemed to hold the property in a fiduciary capacity for that business association alone unless the agreement between the agent and the business association provides otherwise.

(j) For the purposes of this act, a person who is deemed to hold property in a fiduciary capacity for a business association alone is the holder of the property only insofar as the interest of the business association in the property is concerned, and the business association is the holder of the property insofar as the interest of any other person in the property is concerned.

(k) Any property held by a financial organization that would otherwise be presumed abandoned under this section shall not be presumed abandoned if the apparent owner:

(1) Owns other property which is not presumed abandoned and if the financial organization communicates in writing with the owner with regard to the property that would otherwise be presumed abandoned under this section at the address to which communications regarding the other property regularly are sent; or

(2) had another relationship with the financial organization concerning which the owner has:

(A) Communicated in writing with the financial organization; or

(B) otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the financial organization and if the financial organization communicates in writing with the owner with regard to the property that would otherwise be abandoned under this section at the address to which communications regarding the other relationship regularly are sent.

58-3936. General rules for taking custody of intangible unclaimed property. Except as otherwise provided in this act or by other statute of this state, property that is presumed abandoned, whether located in this or another state, is subject to the custody of this state if:

(a) The last known address of the apparent owner, as shown on the records of the holder, is in this state;

(b) the records of the holder do not reflect the identity of the person entitled to the property and it is established that the last known address of the person entitled to the property is in this state;

(c) the records of the holder do not reflect the last known address of the apparent owner, and it is established that:

(1) The last known address of the person entitled to the property is in this state; or

(2) the holder is domiciled in this state or is a state or other government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality of this state and has not previously paid or delivered the property to the state of the last known address of the apparent owner or other person entitled to the property;

(d) the last known address of the apparent owner, as shown on the records of the holder, is in a state that does not provide for the escheat or custodial taking of the property and the holder is domiciled in this state or is a state or other government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality of this state;

(e) the last known address of the apparent owner, as shown on the records of the holder, is in a foreign country and the holder is domiciled in this state or is a state or other government or governmental subdivision, agency or instrumentality of this state;

(f) the transaction out of which the property arose occurred in this state, the holder is domiciled in a state that does not provide for the escheat or custodial taking of the property, and the last known address of the apparent owner or other person entitled to the property is unknown or is in a state that does not provide by law for the escheat or custodial taking of the property; or

(g) the property is a traveler’s check or money order purchased in this state or the issuer of the traveler’s check or money order has its principal place of business in this state and the issuer’s records show that the instrument was purchased in a state that does not provide for the escheat or custodial taking of the property or do not show the state in which the instrument was purchased.

58-3937. Travelers checks and money orders.

(a) Subject to subsection (c), any sum payable on a travelers check that has been outstanding for more than 15 years after its issuance is presumed abandoned unless the owner, within 15 years, has communicated in writing with the issuer concerning it or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the issuer.

(b) Subject to subsection (c), any sum payable on a money order that has been outstanding for more than seven years after its issuance is presumed abandoned unless the owner, within seven years, has communicated in writing with the issuer concerning it or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the issuer.

(c) No sum payable on a travelers check or money order described in subsections (a) and (b) may be subjected to the custody of this state as unclaimed property unless:

(1) The records of the issuer show that the travelers check or money order was purchased in this state;

(2) the issuer has its principal place of business in this state and the records of the issuer do not show the state in which the travelers check or money order was purchased; or

(3) the issuer has its principal place of business in this state, the records of the issuer show the state in which the travelers check or money order was purchased, and the laws of the state of purchase do not provide for the escheat or custodial taking of the property or its escheat or unclaimed property law is not applicable to the property.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this act, subsection (c) applies to sums payable on travelers checks or money orders presumed abandoned on or after February 1, 1965, except to the extent that those sums have been paid over to a state before January 1, 1974.

(e) As used in this section, “money order” means a money order issued by a business association and includes a personal money order or other similar instrument issued by a banking or financial organization but not a bank money order, which is deemed a cashier’s check.

58-3938. Burden of proof as to property evidenced by record of check or draft. A record of the issuance of a check, draft or similar instrument is prima facie evidence of an obligation. In claiming property from a holder who is also the issuer, the administrator’s burden of proof as to the existence and amount of the property and its abandonment is satisfied by showing issuance of the instrument and a passage of the requisite period of abandonment. Defenses of payment, satisfaction, discharge and want of consideration are affirmative defenses that must be established by the holder.

58-3939. Bank deposits and funds in financial organizations.

(a) Any demand, savings or matured time deposit with a banking or financial organization, including a deposit that is automatically renewable, and any funds paid toward the purchase of a share, a mutual investment certificate or any other interest in a banking or financial organization is presumed abandoned unless the owner within five years has:

(1) In the case of a deposit, increased or decreased its amount or presented the passbook or other similar evidence of the deposit for the crediting of interest;

(2) communicated in writing with the banking or financial organization concerning the property;

(3) otherwise indicated an interest in the property as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the banking or financial organization;

(4) owned other property to which paragraph (1), (2) or (3) applies and if the banking or financial organization communicates in writing with the owner with regard to the property that would otherwise be presumed abandoned under this subsection at the address to which communications regarding the other property regularly are sent; or

(5) had another relationship with the banking or financial organization concerning which the owner has: (A) Communicated in writing with the banking or financial organization; or (B) otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the banking or financial organization and if the banking or financial organization communicates in writing with the owner with regard to the property that would otherwise be abandoned under this subsection at the address to which communications regarding the other relationship regularly are sent.

(b) For purposes of subsection (a), property includes interest and dividends.

(c) Any property described in subsection (a) that is automatically renewable is matured for purposes of subsection (a) upon the expiration of its initial time period, but in the case of any renewal to which the owner consents at or about the time of renewal by communicating in writing with the banking or financial organization or otherwise indicating consent as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file, including but not limited to mailings to the owner which have not been returned to the holder, prepared by an employee of the organization, the property is matured upon the expiration of the last time period for which consent was given. If, at the time provided for delivery in K.S.A. 58-3952 and amendments thereto, a penalty or forfeiture in the payment of interest would result from the delivery of the property, the time for delivery is extended until the time when no penalty or forfeiture would result.

(d) Any demand or savings account with a banking or financial organization shall not be presumed abandoned if regular correspondence to an owner of the account has not been returned to the sender. 58-3940 to 58-3942. Repealed.

58-3940. Funds owing under life insurance policies.

(a) Funds held or owing under any life or endowment insurance policy or annuity contract that has matured or terminated are presumed abandoned if unclaimed for more than five years after the funds became due and payable as established from the records of the insurance company holding or owing the funds, but property described in subsection (c)(2) is presumed abandoned if unclaimed for more than two years.

(b) If a person other than the insured or annuitant is entitled to the funds and an address of the person is not known to the company or it is not definite and certain from the records of the company who is entitled to the funds, it is presumed that the last known address of the person entitled to the funds is the same as the last known address of the insured or annuitant according to the records of the company.

(c) For purposes of this act, a life or endowment insurance policy or annuity contract not matured by actual proof of the death of the insured or annuitant according to the records of the company is matured and the proceeds due and payable if:

(1) The company knows that the insured or annuitant has died; or

(2) (A) the insured has attained, or would have attained if living, the limiting age under the mortality table on which the reserve is based;

(B) the policy was in force at the time the insured attained, or would have attained, the limiting age specified in subparagraph (A); and

(C) neither the insured nor any other person appearing to have an interest in the policy within the preceding two years, according to the records of the company, has assigned, readjusted or paid premiums on the policy, subjected the policy to a loan, corresponded in writing with the company concerning the policy or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by an employee of the company.

(d) For purposes of this act, the application of an automatic premium loan provision or other nonforfeiture provision contained in an insurance policy does not prevent a policy from being matured or terminated under subsection (a) if the insured has died or the insured or the beneficiary of the policy otherwise has become entitled to the proceeds thereof before the depletion of the cash surrender value of a policy by the application of those provisions.

(e) If the laws of this state or the terms of the life insurance policy require the company to give notice to the insured or owner that an automatic premium loan provision or other nonforfeiture provision has been exercised and the notice given to an insured or owner whose last known address according to the records of the company is in this state is undeliverable, the company shall make a reasonable search to ascertain the policyholder’s correct address to which the notice shall be mailed.

(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if the company learns of the death of the insured or annuitant and the beneficiary has not communicated with the insurer within four months after the death, the company shall take reasonable steps to pay the proceeds to the beneficiary.

(g) Commencing two years after the effective date of this act, every change of beneficiary form issued by an insurance company under any life or endowment insurance policy or annuity contract to an insured or owner who is a resident of this state shall request the following information:

(1) The name of each beneficiary, or if a class of beneficiaries is named, the name of each current beneficiary in the class;

(2) the address of each beneficiary; and

(3) the relationship of each beneficiary to the insured.

58-3941. Deposits held by utilities.
A deposit, including any interest thereon, made by a subscriber with a utility to secure payment or any sum paid in advance for utility services to be furnished that remains unclaimed by the owner for more than one year after termination of the services for which the deposit or advance payment was made is presumed abandoned.

58-3942. Refunds held by business associations; court orders; dissolution of business associations; class actions.

(a) The sum to be paid as a refund, under an order or decision of a court or administrative agency or by agreement, remaining unclaimed for more than one year after it became payable is presumed abandoned regardless of whether the apparent owner has made any claim to the refund unless within the preceding one year there has been a communication between the apparent owner and the holder concerning that sum.

(b) Any sum payable or intangible property distributable in the course of a voluntary or involuntary dissolution or liquidation remaining unclaimed for one year after the date of the final distribution or liquidation is presumed abandoned unless within the preceding one year there has been communication between the apparent owner and the person making the payment or distribution concerning that sum or distribution.

(c) Intangible property payable or distributable to a member of or participant in a class action, either one allowed by the court to be maintained as such or one essentially handled as a class action, and remaining unclaimed for more than one year after the time for the final payment or distribution is presumed abandoned unless within the preceding one year there has been a communication between the member or participant and the holder concerning the property.

(d) Intangible property payable or distributable as the result of litigation or settlement of a dispute before a judicial or administrative body and remaining unclaimed for more than one year after the time for the final payment or distribution is presumed abandoned unless within the preceding one year there has been a communication between the apparent owner and the holder concerning the property. The person actually making or having the duty to make payment or distribution shall be deemed the holder for the purpose of this section.

58-3943. Stock and other intangible interests in business associations. This act does not apply to any stock or other intangible ownership interest enrolled in a plan that provides for the automatic reinvestment of dividends, distributions or other sums payable as a result of the interest unless:

(a) The records available to the administrator of the plan show, with respect to any intangible ownership interest not enrolled in the reinvestment plan, that the owner has not within five years communicated in any manner described in paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of K.S.A. 58-3935, and amendments thereto; or

(b) five years have elapsed since the location of the owner became unknown to the association, as evidenced by the return of official shareholder notifications or communications by the postal service as undeliverable, and the owner has not within those five years communicated in any manner described in paragraph (3) of subsection (a) of K.S.A. 58-3935, and amendments thereto. The five-year period from the return of official shareholder notifications or communications shall commence from the earlier of the return of the second such mailing or the time the holder discontinues mailings to the shareholder. 58-3944 to 58-3948. Repealed.

58-3944. Mineral rights. Any sum payable as mineral proceeds that has remained unclaimed by the owner for more than five years after it became payable or distributable, and the owner’s underlying right to receive those mineral proceeds, is presumed abandoned. At the time an owner’s underlying right to receive mineral proceeds is presumed abandoned, any mineral proceeds then owing to the owner and any proceeds accruing after that time are presumed abandoned.

58-3945. Property held by agents and fiduciaries.

(a) Intangible property and any income or increment derived therefrom held in a fiduciary capacity for the benefit of another person is presumed abandoned unless the owner, within five years after it has become payable or distributable, has increased or decreased the principal, accepted payment of principal or income, communicated concerning the property or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file prepared by the fiduciary.

(b) All intangible property and any income or increment derived therefrom held in an individual retirement account, a retirement plan for self-employed individuals, or similar account or plan established pursuant to the internal revenue laws of the United States, which has not been paid or distributed for more than 30 days after the earliest of the following:

(1) The actual date of distribution or attempted distribution;

(2) the date contracted for distribution in the plan or trust agreement governing the account or plan; or

(3) the date specified in the internal revenue law of the United States by which distribution shall begin in order to avoid a tax penalty is presumed abandoned unless the owner or beneficiary within five preceding years has made additional payments or transfers of property to the account or plan, was paid or received a distribution, communicated concerning the property or otherwise indicated an interest as evidenced by a memorandum or other record on file with the account or plan fiduciary.

(c) For the purpose of this section, a person who holds property as an agent for a business association is deemed to hold the property in a fiduciary capacity for that business association alone unless the agreement between the agent and the business association provides otherwise.

(d) For the purposes of this act, a person who is deemed to hold property in a fiduciary capacity for a business association alone is the holder of the property only insofar as the interest of the business association in the property is concerned, and the business association is the holder of the property insofar as the interest of any other person in the property is concerned.

58-3946. Property held by courts and public agencies.
Any intangible property held by the executive, legislative or judicial branch of the United States government, or a state, or a county or municipal subdivision of a state, or any of their authorities, agencies, instrumentalities, administrations, services or other organizations and remaining unclaimed for more than one year after it became payable or distributable is presumed abandoned.

58-3947. Gift certificates and credit memos.

(a) A gift certificate or a credit memo issued in the ordinary course of an issuer’s business which remains unclaimed by the owner for more than five years after becoming payable or istributable is presumed abandoned.

(b) In the case of a gift certificate, the amount presumed abandoned is the price paid by the purchaser for the gift certificate. In the case of a credit memo, the amount presumed abandoned is the amount credited to the recipient of the memo.

58-3948. Wages.
Unpaid wages, including wages represented by unpresented payroll checks, owing in the ordinary course of the holder’s business which remain unclaimed by the owner for more than one year after becoming payable are presumed abandoned.

58-3949. Contents of safe deposit box or other safekeeping repository.
Tangible property held in a safe deposit box or other safekeeping depository in this state in the ordinary course of the holder’s business and proceeds resulting from the sale of the property permitted by other law are presumed abandoned if the property remains unclaimed by the owner for more than five years after expiration of the lease or rental period on the box or other depository.

58-3950. Report of abandoned property.

(a) Except as provided in subsection (i), a holder of property presumed abandoned shall make a report to the administrator concerning the property.

(b) The report must be verified and must contain:

(1) A description of the property;

(2) except with respect to a traveler’s check or money order, the name, if known, and last known address, if any, and social security number or taxpayer identification number, if readily ascertainable, of the apparent owner of property of the value of $100 or more;

(3) an aggregated amount of items valued under $100 each;

(4) in the case of an amount of $100 or more held or owing under an annuity or a life or endowment insurance policy, the full name and last known address of the insured or annuitant and of the beneficiary;

(5) in the case of property held in a safe deposit box or other safekeeping depository, a description of the property and any amounts owing to the holder;

(6) the date, if any, on which the property became payable, demandable or returnable and the date of the last transaction with the apparent owner with respect to the property; and

(7) other information that the administrator prescribes by rules and regulations as necessary for the administration of this act.

(c) If a holder of property presumed abandoned is a successor to another person who previously held the property for the apparent owner or the holder has changed its name while holding the property, the holder shall file with the report its former names, if any, and the known names and addresses of all previous holders of the property.

(d) The report must be filed before November 1 of each year and cover the 12 months next preceding July 1 of that year, but a report with respect to a life insurance company must be filed before May 1 of each year for the calendar year next preceding.

(e) The holder of property presumed abandoned shall send written notice to the apparent owner, not more than 120 days or less than 60 days before filing the report, stating that the holder is in possession of property subject to this act if:

(1) The holder has in its records an address for the apparent owner which the holder’s records do not disclose to be inaccurate;

(2) the claim of the apparent owner is not barred by a statute of limitations; and

(3) the value of the property is $100 or more, or is reported under K.S.A. 58-3943 or 58-3949 and amendments thereto.

(f) The written notice shall also contain the following:

(1) Nature and identifying number, if any, or description of the funds or other property; and

(2) the amount appearing on the records of the holder to be due the apparent owner.

(g) If the holder is not a life insurance company, the written notice shall set forth an additional statement that the funds or other property will be reported as unclaimed property to the state treasurer of Kansas no later than November 1 of the current year.

(h) If the holder is a life insurance company, the written notice shall set forth an additional statement that the funds or other property will be reported as unclaimed property to the state treasurer of Kansas no later than May 1 of the current year.

(i) The holder of property presumed abandoned does not need to file a report under the provisions of this section if such holder has no individual property valued over $100 and the total value of such holder’s aggregated property is under $250, unless required to do so by the provisions of subsection (k).

(j) Before the date for filing the report, the holder of property presumed abandoned may request the administrator to extend the time for filing the report. The administrator may grant the extension for good cause. The holder, upon receipt of the extension, may make an interim payment on the amount the holder estimates will ultimately be due which terminates the accrual of additional interest on the amount paid.

(k) The administrator, in the administrator’s discretion, may require that any holder of property presumed abandoned, file a report as required by this section.

58-3951. Advertising of unclaimed property; information required.

(a) Within the calendar year next following the year in which unclaimed property has been paid or delivered to the administrator, the administrator shall advertise the unclaimed property in such form as in the discretion of the administrator is likely to attract the attention of the apparent owner of the unclaimed property. It shall contain the following information:

(1) The name of each person appearing to be the owner of property presumed abandoned, as set forth in the report filed by the holder;

(2) the last known address or location of each person appearing to be the owner of property presumed abandoned, if an address or location is set forth in the report filed by the holder;

(3) a statement explaining that property of the owner has been presumed to be abandoned and has been taken into the protective custody of the administrator; and

(4) a statement that information about the abandoned property and its return to the apparent owner can be obtained at any time by a person having a legal or beneficial interest in that property by making an inquiry to the administrator.

(b) The administrator shall not be required to advertise the name and address or location of an owner of abandoned property having a total value less than $100, nor information concerning travelers checks and money orders.

58-3952. Payment or delivery of abandoned property.

(a) At the time of the filing of the report required by subsection (d) of K.S.A. 58-3950 and amendments thereto and with that report, the holder of property presumed abandoned shall pay, deliver or cause to be paid or delivered to the administrator the property described in the report as unclaimed, but if, at the time provided for delivery of the property a penalty or forfeiture in the payment of interest would result, the time for compliance is extended until a penalty or forfeiture would no longer result.

(b) If the property reported to the administrator is a security or security entitlement under article 8 of the uniform commercial code, the administrator is an appropriate person to make an endorsement, instruction or entitlement order on behalf of the apparent owner to invoke the duty of the issuer or its transfer agent or the securities intermediary to transfer or dispose of the security or the security entitlement in accordance with article 8 of the uniform commercial code.

(c) If the holder of property reported to the administrator is the issuer of a certificated security, the administrator has the right to obtain a replacement certificate pursuant to K.S.A. 84-8-405, and amendments thereto, but an indemnity bond is not required.

(d) An issuer, the holder and any transfer agent or other person acting pursuant to the instructions of and on behalf of the issuer or holder in accordance with this section is not liable to the apparent owner and must be indemnified against claims of any person in accordance with K.S.A. 58-3953 and amendments thereto for any loss or damage caused by the transfer, issuance and delivery of the certificate or security to the administrator.

(e) A holder is required to deliver property reported as aggregate under K.S.A. 58-3950, and amendments thereto, only if the total amount of the aggregate property reported exceeds $250.

58-3953. Custody of state; holder relieved from liability; reimbursement of holder paying claim; reclaiming for owner; defense of holder; payment of safe deposit box or repository charges.

(a) In this section, payment or delivery is made in “good faith” if:

(1) Payment or delivery was made in a reasonable attempt to comply with this act;

(2) the holder was not then in breach of a fiduciary obligation with respect to the property and had a reasonable basis for believing, based on the facts then known, that the property was presumed abandoned; and

(3) there is no showing that the records under which the payment or delivery was made did not meet reasonable commercial standards of practice.

(b) Upon the payment or delivery of property to the administrator, the state assumes custody and responsibility for the safekeeping of the property. A holder who pays or delivers property to the administrator in good faith is relieved of all liability arising thereafter with respect to the property.

(c) A holder who has paid money to the administrator pursuant to this act may subsequently make payment to a person reasonably appearing to the holder to be entitled to payment and, upon a filing by the holder of proof of payment and proof that the payee was entitled to the payment, the administrator shall promptly reimburse the holder for the payment without imposing a fee or other charge. If reimbursement is sought for a payment made on a negotiable instrument, including a traveler’s check or money order, the holder must be reimbursed upon filing proof that the instrument was duly presented and that payment was made to a person who reasonably appeared to be entitled to payment. The holder must be reimbursed for payment made even if the payment was made to a person whose claim was barred under K.S.A. 58-3962 and amendments thereto.

(d) A holder who has delivered property other than money to the administrator pursuant to this act may reclaim the property if it is still in the possession of the administrator, without paying any fee or other charge, upon filing proof that the apparent owner has claimed the property from the holder.

(e) The administrator may accept a holder’s affidavit as sufficient proof of the holder’s right to recover money and property under this section.

(f) If a holder pays or delivers property to the administrator in good faith and thereafter another person claims the property from the holder or another state claims the money or property under its laws relating to escheat or abandoned or unclaimed property, the administrator, upon written notice of the claim, shall defend the holder against the claim and indemnify the holder against any liability on the claim resulting from payment or delivery of the property to the administrator.

(g) Property removed from a safe deposit box or other safekeeping depository is received by the administrator subject to the holder’s right to be reimbursed for the cost of the opening and to any valid lien or contract providing for the holder to be reimbursed for unpaid rent or storage charges. The administrator shall reimburse the holder out of the proceeds remaining after deducting the expenses incurred by the administrator in selling the property.

58-3954. Crediting of dividends, interest, or increments to owner’s account.
Whenever property other than money is paid or delivered to the administrator under this act, the owner is entitled to receive from the administrator any dividends, interest or other increments realized or accruing on the property at or before liquidation or conversion thereof into money if the amount of dividends, interest or other increments is $5 or more.

58-3955. Public sale of abandoned property; exceptions.

(a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), the administrator, within three years after the receipt of abandoned property, shall sell it to the highest bidder at public sale in whatever city in the state affords in the judgment of the administrator the most favorable market for the property involved. The administrator may decline the highest bid and reoffer the property for sale if in the judgment of the administrator the bid is insufficient. If in the judgment of the administrator the probable cost of sale exceeds the value of the property, the property need not be offered for sale. Any sale held under this section shall be preceded by a single publication of notice, at least three weeks in advance of sale, in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the property is to be sold.

(b) Securities listed on an established stock exchange shall be sold at prices prevailing at the time of sale on the exchange. Other securities may be sold over the counter at prices prevailing at the time of sale or by any other method the administrator considers advisable.

(c) All securities presumed abandoned and delivered to the administrator shall be held for at least six months before they may be sold. All securities must be sold within one year after they are delivered to the administrator. A person making a claim under this act is entitled to receive either the securities delivered to the administrator by the holder, if they still remain in the hands of the administrator, or the proceeds received from the sale, less any amounts deducted pursuant to subsection (b) of K.S.A. 58-3956, and amendments thereto, but no person has any claim under this act against the state, the holder, any transfer agent, registrar or other person acting for or on behalf of a holder for any appreciation in the value of the property occurring after delivery by the holder to the administrator.

(d) The purchaser of property at any sale conducted by the administrator pursuant to this act takes the property free of all claims of the owner or previous holder thereof and of all persons claiming through or under them. The administrator shall execute all documents necessary to complete the transfer of ownership.

58-3956. Deposit of funds.

(a) Except as otherwise provided by this section, the administrator shall promptly deposit in the state general fund all funds received under this act, including the proceeds, from the sale of abandoned property under K.S.A. 58-3955 and amendments thereto, and the proceeds from the redemption of United States savings bonds under K.S.A. 2000 Supp. 58-3979, and amendments thereto. The unclaimed property claims fund is hereby created in the state treasury. The administrator shall credit moneys to the unclaimed property claims fund sufficient for the prompt payment of claims duly allowed by the administrator. The unclaimed property claims fund shall be in an amount of not less than $100,000. Before making the deposit, the administrator shall record the name and last known address of each person appearing from the holders’ reports to be entitled to the property and the name and last known address of each insured person or annuitant and beneficiary and with respect to each policy or contract listed in the report of an insurance company its number, the name of the company and the amount due. The record shall be available for public inspection at all reasonable business hours.

(b) Before making any deposit to the credit of the state general fund, the administrator may deduct and credit to the unclaimed property expense fund which is hereby created in the state treasury:

(1) Any costs in connection with the sale of abandoned property;

(2) costs of mailing and publication in connection with any abandoned property;

(3) operating expenses; and

(4) costs incurred in examining records of holders of property and in collecting the property from those holders.

58-3957. Filing of claim with administrator.

(a) A person, excluding another state, claiming an interest in any property paid or delivered to the administrator may file with the administrator a claim on a form prescribed by the administrator and verified by the claimant. The administrator may hold a hearing on the claim in accordance with the provisions of the Kansas administrative procedure act. The decision resulting from any hearing shall be a public record.

(b) The administrator shall consider each claim within 90 days after it is filed and give written notice to the claimant if the claim is denied in whole or in part. The notice may be given by mailing it to the last address, if any, stated in the claim as the address to which notices are to be sent. If no address for notices is stated in the claim, the notice may be mailed to the last address, if any, of the claimant as stated in the claim. No notice of denial need be given if the claim fails to state either the last address to which notices are to be sent or the address of the claimant.

(c) If a claim is allowed, the administrator shall pay over or deliver to the claimant the property or the amount the administrator actually received or the net proceeds if it has been sold by the administrator, together with any additional amount required by K.S.A. 58-3954 and amendments thereto. Interest reported under the previous disposition of unclaimed property act shall not be computed, paid or delivered to the claimant after enactment of this act. If the claim is for property presumed abandoned under K.S.A. 58-3943 and amendments thereto which was sold by the administrator within three years after the date of delivery, the amount payable for that claim is the value of the property at the time the claim was made or the net proceeds of sale, whichever is greater.

(d) Any holder who pays the owner for property that has been delivered to the state and which, if claimed from the administrator, would be subject to subsection (c) shall add any additional amount as provided in K.S.A. 58-3954 and amendments thereto. The additional amount shall be repaid to the holder by the administrator in the same manner as the principal.

58-3958. Claim of another state to recover property; procedure.

(a) At any time after property has been paid or delivered to the administrator under this act another state may recover the property if:

(1) The property was subjected to custody by this state because the records of the holder did not reflect the last known address of the apparent owner when the property was presumed abandoned under this act, and the other state establishes that the last known address of the apparent owner or other person entitled to the property was in that state and under the laws of that state the property escheated to or was subject to a claim of abandonment by that state;

(2) the last known address of the apparent owner or other person entitled to the property, as reflected by the records of the holder, is in the other state and under the laws of that state the property has escheated to or become subject to a claim of abandonment by that state;

(3) the records of the holder were erroneous in that they did not accurately reflect the actual owner of the property and the last known address of the actual owner is in the other state and under the laws of that state the property escheated to or was subject to a claim of abandonment by that state;

(4) the property was subjected to custody by this state under subsection (f) of K.S.A. 58-3936 and amendments thereto and under the laws of the state of domicile of the holder the property has escheated to or become subject to a claim of abandonment by that state; or

(5) the property is the sum payable on a travelers check, money order or other similar instrument that was subjected to custody by this state under K.S.A 58-3937 and amendments thereto, and the instrument was purchased in the other state, and under the laws of that state the property escheated to or became subject to a claim of abandonment by that state.

(b) The claim of another state to recover escheated or abandoned property shall be presented in a form prescribed by the administrator who shall decide the claim within 90 days after it is presented. The administrator shall allow the claim if the other state is determined to be entitled to the abandoned property under subsection (a).

(c) The administrator shall require a state, before recovering property under this section, to agree to indemnify this state and its officers and employees against any liability on a claim for the property.

58-3959. Action to establish claim.
A person aggrieved by a decision of the administrator or whose claims have not been acted upon within 90 days may bring an action to establish a claim in accordance with the act for judicial review and civil enforcement of agency actions.

58-3960. Election to take property or delivery.

(a) The administrator may decline to receive any property reported under this act which is considered to have a value less than the expense of giving notice and of sale. If the administrator elects not to receive custody of the property, the holder shall be notified within 120 days after filing the report required under K.S.A. 58-3950 and amendments thereto.

(b) A holder, with the written consent of the administrator and upon conditions and terms prescribed by the administrator, may report and deliver property before the property is presumed abandoned. Property delivered under this subsection shall be held by the administrator and is not presumed abandoned until such time as it otherwise would be presumed abandoned under this act.

58-3961. Destruction or disposition of property having insubstantial commercial value; immunity from liability.

If the administrator determines after investigation that any property delivered under this act has insubstantial commercial value, the administrator may destroy or otherwise dispose of the property at any time. No action or proceeding may be maintained against the state or any officer or against the holder for or on account of any action taken by the administrator pursuant to this section.